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Rabu, 19 Desember 2012

Hortatory Exposition




Standard Competence :
       Understanding the meaning of short functional text and simple monologue and dialogue in the form of narrative ,report, spoof, analytical exposition, and hortatory exposition in daily life.
       Expressing the meaning of transactional and interpersonal dialogue and monologue in daily life
       Understanding the meaning of short functional text and simple essay in the form of narrative, report, spoof, analytical exposition, and hortatory exposition in daily life
       Expressing the meaning short functional text  and simple essay in the form of narrative , report, spoof, analytical exposition, and  hortatory exposition in daily life

Basic Competence :
       Responding to a hortatory exposition text
       Expressing a hortatory exposition text
       Reading a hortatory exposition text
       Writing a hortatory exposition text

Indicators :
          Brainstorm the ideas
          Get specific information from the hortatory exposition text
          Write a hortatory exposition text with well and correct generic structure

Definition : 
            Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to persuade the listeners or readers that something should or should not happen or be done.
            Hortatory is similar to analytical exposition but if we have to differentiate both from one to each other, we have one useful tool by making analysis on the generic structure. What makes hortatory different from analytical exposition is the last finalizing step which analytical exposition is ended by a reiteration while hortatory is finalized by certain a recommendation. 

Social Function :
            To persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case

Language Feature of Hortatory Exposition Text :
  1. Focusing on the writer
  2. Using action verb
  3. Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc
  4. Using temporal connective; firstly, secondly, however, therefore, etc)
  5. Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc
  6. Using passive voice
  7. Using simple present tense
  8. The use of modals and adverbs (e.g. may, must, should, etc)
  9. The use of emotive words (e.g. worried, alarmed etc)
  10. The use of words that qualify statements (e.g. usual, probably etc)
  11. The use of subjective opinions using pronouns I and we

Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text :
1)    Thesis : Statement or announcement of issue concern
2)   Arguments : Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation
3)   Recommendation : Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the given arguments

Example of Hortatory Exposition Text
Mobile Phones Should Not be Banned in School [Tittle]
            Mobile phones is not used just for calling, but sending text, taking pictures, accessing internet, and much more. Many students bring their phones to school. For them, mobile phone has many uses. So, mobile phones should not be banned in school. Why do I said that? [Thesis]
       Firstly, students call their parents for other needs. By mobile phone, student can call or their close relative if they need something to be brought to school. In addition, mobile phone can be used to call their children when one of their family were hit by disasters suddenly. And then, student can called their parent to pick her up when want to go home. [Arguments]
       Secondly, increased of knowledge among students. When trying to find answer of difficult task at school, mobile phone can be used as a connecting to search the answer through GPRS or WiFi networks. [Arguments]
       Finally, expand the network of friendship among students. School is the right place to find friend. Average, student been at school about 7 hours or more. So that, a lot of students found their friend in the school environment . Therefore, communication between friends should be kept on of which using a mobile phone. [Arguments]
       So, I think mobile phone should not be banned in school. But, use your phone in the time and right place so that no one was disturbed. [Recommendation]

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